Understanding English Translation Through The Study Of English Language History

The history of the English language is a long and interesting one, influenced by various invasions and migration, and like most other languages was only fully codified and standardized through the work of writers and poets. Understanding the English language and English translations requires understanding its history, so let’s take a brief look at the forces shaping the international tongue.

English is a Germanic language, more specifically a West Germanic language that originated in recognizable form within the Anglo-Saxon British Isles. The earliest form of the language which looks and reads similar to modern English was known as Old English, a language arriving in Great Britain during the 400’s. More than many other Indo-European languages Old English was a fusion of a large number of different dialects and language families, taking on huge influences from German, Latin and the ancient language of the Norse peoples.

Though an island Britain came into regular contact with a number of other countries, often through invasion. The most notable early invasion of the British Isles occurred in the 11th century when the Normans invaded the lands and brought with them an early form of French. It was during this time and through this direct influence that English began to take on a number of the structures and assumptions of the continent’s Romance languages. During this time and through these influences Old English adapted into the language we classify as Middle English. It wasn’t until the 1500s that what we recognize as Modern English emerged.

Interestingly enough these three forms of the English language (Old, Middle and Modern) were largely codified and standardized through a few important literary works. Old English was codified under the dialect that Beowulf was written in, The Canterbury Tales codified Middle English, and Shakespeare’s works (as well as the King James Bible) are thought to be the major influence setting Modern English in place. It was at this time that Britain became a major colonial force and began to spread its political influence, and Modern English, around the globe, a charge later taken up by the United States after the decline of the British Empire.

At the moment English is likely the most commonly spoken language in the world, largely through adoption as the vast majority of English speakers are secondary users of the language. English is also the primary language spoken in a number of fields, especially technical, computing and scientific fields, and is the primary language of international relations and diplomacy. The majority of international governing and trade institutions use English as their official language, as do a growing number of countries (53 at the time of writing).

Due to its present (and assumed continuing) dominance English translation remains the most requested and necessary form of translation in the world today. Whether you’re translating to or from English, it’s important that you hire the correct professionals to aid you in your work.

Europe By Train – Proposal Of A Route Through Germany, Austria And Denmark

As you probably already know, visiting Europe by train is one of my favorite proposals and I have planned lots of trips in this zone. Today’s itinerary is an alternative proposal that will cover the countries of Germany, Austria and Denmark. The whole route is done by train, as the crossing with ferry is done with the train inside! Of course, my recommendation is taking one of the multiple country passes that exist either for Europeans and people coming from abroad.

Frankfurt is, by far, the best destinations where you can fly to if you have the chance, because it is the European central for low cost flights and at same time the taxes can be pretty low. Also the rail connections are enormous there so even if you don’t plan to visit Germany it can save you some money to land there to start your European route.

Leaving Frankfurt and its skyscrapers behind, in this case you will face to the North of Germany, going through Koblenz and Köln, where a visit to the cathedral is a real must. Size really matters in some situations. After spending a night in Köln, you can follow your route taking another train to Bremen. There you can visit “The Schnoor”, take a walk at the city hall, the statue placed in Roland and the Buergerpark.

Now the time has come to cross the border and point to the capital of one Scandinavian country, the little Denmark. Copenhagen is city of contrasts. The Mermaid is a lot smaller than what you could imagine so you will need to choose the right time to be able to take a picture of it, probably fighting with a huge amount of Japanese tourists. Tivoli is also a must see and the city itself offers a wide range of possibilities, specially with Christiania, officially part of the city since 1986 but started as a camp of hippy squatters. Fortunately, you still can breath there the air of this period.

Spend at least a couple of days in Copenhagen, visiting also the towns around, specially Roskilde, which will introduce you to the viking history with some rebuilt Drakkar (the war boats they used to navigate rivers upstream and conquer European cities).

The route can follow to Berlin taking the ferry with your train inside. It is a night trip, and returning to Germany you will begin with one big city to digest. Berlin has the history of many wars in its streets. Being nowadays one of the most powerful economies pulling all Europe ahead, the capital of Germany has suffered a lot and scars are found everywhere.

Visiting the Reichstag, the Brandenburger Tor, Checkpoint Charlie, and specially the Berlin Wall are some things you can’t forget to do there. The Berlin Cathedral has also a lot to offer, as well as Postdamer Platz. Don’t forget to visit the outskirts town called Potsdam. It’s just a 30 minutes train ride and it has some enormous beautiful gardens with palaces that you will not finish even in a whole day!

Time to move on, and the train will take you now to Leipzig. This recent days the streets are suffering from a constant modification, so you will find plenty of road work there. After all, the city is beautiful and has a lot of history too. Don’t take it as a point A to point B city. The magic is in every building, in the streets. Walk them, close your eyes, and place yourself some years back. And now open your eyes because this street light is not gonna move out of your way.

Following to the south of Germany you will cross Nürnberg to arrive to Munich. Don’t forget to visit the National Museum there, and also take a look at the precious fountains you can find on your way through the city center. St Lorenz church is also a must.

When arriving to Munich, leaving the beer and the famous Oktoberfest apart, visiting Marienplatz and the Englischer Garten will be an exceptional way to land into this border lands. Olimpyapark is asking you to take a walk inside, also visiting the stadium, and a visit to one of the concentration camps will be extremely worth: Dachau is a good one to take a look at.

The time for Austria has come now, and entering the country you will notice specially one thing: how flat is Germany and how gorgeous are the high white peaks of Austria! Welcome to the mountains capital of Europe, together with Switzerland. Salzburg is a good way to start the trip, taking a look at the old castle and jumping into anything that can bring you uphill and give you a perspective of the city from above.

Follow your trip to Vienna and spend at least 2 days in the capital of the music. Vienna is the house of many well-known classic musicians, and walking its streets still can let you feel what made this old song composers feel so inspired to produce such amazing melodies. Do not leave the city behind until you have visited the Schönbrunn and Hofburg.

Going north again you could stop to take a look at Innsbruck, but then train connections can be pretty bad. What is really important is to take the ride to Füssen, near Munich, either when you visit the city or when you come back heading Frankfurt, as it has 2 of the most enchanted-looking castles you can ever dream of.

Finally, take your train heading to Heidelberg (you can visit Stuttgart but it has really not a lot to offer, many travelers get disappointed there) and after visiting the city, the next step will be Frankfurt again and get a plane back home. This in case that Frankfurt is not your home town!